Labour Welfare Fund
Labour Welfare Fund is a statutory contribution managed by individual state authorities. The state labour welfare board determines the amount and frequency of the contribution. The contribution and periodicity of remittance differ with every state. In some states, the periodicity is annual (Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu etc.) and in some states, it is to be contributed during June and December (Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra etc.)
What is Labour Welfare Fund?
Labour welfare is an aid in the form of money or necessities for those in need. It provides facilities to labourers to improve their working conditions, provide social security, and raise their standard of living.
To justify the above statement, various state legislatures have enacted an Act exclusively focusing on the welfare of the workers, known as the Labour Welfare Fund Act. The Labour Welfare Fund Act incorporates various services, benefits and facilities offered to the employee by the employer. Such facilities are offered by the means of contribution from the employer and the employee. However, the rate of contribution may differ from one state to another.
Scope of Labour Welfare Fund Act
The scope of this Act is extended to housing, family care and worker's health service by providing medical examination, a clinic for general treatment, infant welfare, women’s general education, workers' activity facilities, marriage, education, funeral etc. State-specific Labour Welfare Funds are funded by contributions from the employer, employee and in a few states, the government also.
Applicability of the Act
To provide social security to workers, the government has introduced the Labour Welfare Fund Act. This act has been implemented only in 16 states out of 37 states including union territories.
The below table depicts the states in which the Act has been implemented and not implemented:
|Not Applicable States|
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Daman and Diu
Jammu and Kashmir
The Labour Welfare Fund Act does not apply to all categories of employees working in the establishment. It depends upon the wages earned and the designation of the employee. Also, one needs to check the total number of employees working before extending this Act to their establishment. The applicability of the Act based on the number of employees may differ depending upon the state-specific Act.
How Does the Process Work?
The contribution to the Labour Welfare Fund may be made annually, half-yearly or monthly. The frequency may differ depending upon the state-specific Act. Further, if the frequency is half-yearly the period of deduction shall be divided into two consecutive periods as per the date mentioned in the state-specific Act. The employer needs to make the deduction from the salary of the employee and submit the same to the Labour Welfare Fund board in the prescribed form before the due date.
Labour Welfare Fund Expenditure
In general, the money in the fund may be utilized by the Board to defray expenditures on the following:
Educational facilities for the children of the workers
Medical facilities for both private and public-sector employers to facilitate medical facilities for their workers and their families
Transport facilities for the workers to commute to work
Recreational facilities in form of music, dance, drama, games, sports, paintings, etc. are usually offered to the employees to build a wholesome working environment
Housing facilities under this scheme offer loans to industrial workers for constructing houses at concessional rates
Excursions, tours, and holiday homes
Home industries and subsidiary occupations for women and unemployed persons
Reading rooms and libraries
Nutritious food for children of employees